Wednesday, June 18, 2014

C.M. Keller on Writing Time Travel Stories



Hey all! We have another guest here today. C.M. Keller is here as part of her newest book release. So before I hand things over to her, I thought I'd share a bit more information on Screwing Up Alexandria:

Time traveling has never brought Mark Montgomery anything but grief. And then, things get worse.

When Mark comes home from Babylon with a coded tablet, he never dreams someone would be willing to kill to get it. But they are. So Mark and Miranda kidnap an ancient cryptographer named Nin and take her to the Library of Alexandria to decipher it.

The search for the truth of the tablet takes all of them to the most dangerous time on earth. And when Nin ends up on an altar surrounded by blood-thirsty crowds, only Mark can save her. But he’s blind.


Sounds awesome, right?

And now, I'm handing over to Connie to tell us a bit more about writing time travel stories.



As a writer of historical and time travel fiction, one of the greatest ironies I’ve discovered is that as radically different as other times and cultures are, people aren’t that different than we are.

The trick to writing time travel is to remember that while the character’s hopes, desires, and problems are similar to ours, they must be shaped by the time they are set in. The culture of the time period must become a character and drives the narrative. In other words, what happens to the characters in Alexandria should be so defined by the time and place that the plot could never unfold like it does anywhere else.

When I pick a time period, I research the culture and history, immersing myself in the significant people, places, foods, etc. I use small details like food, drink, clothing, and superstitions to convey a sense of the exotic and add verisimilitude.

However, the places, people, and culture must propel the plot. For example, in Screwing Up Babylon, I needed a chase scene, and I knew it had to take place in the Hanging Gardens. So I envisioned myself as Mark trapped in the gardens and wondered, How can I escape? The answer was easy—by way of a man-made river that watered the garden. I ended up with a very authentic “waterslide” adventure inside Babylon’s Hanging Gardens.

One of the great things setting the novels in Babylon, British Middle Ages, Alexandria, Mongolia, etc., is that it helps to keep a series fresh. There are always new characters and experiences, so creative options are endless.

The hardest thing about time travel fiction is the language barrier. There is no way to give your characters facility in various languages. My main character Mark, who is seventeen when the series starts, does not/cannot know ancient Greek, Akkadian, Sumerian, etc. So, I’ve had to find ways to allow him to communicate and establish relationships with other characters without knowing the languages.

One way I did this was through the use of other time travelers, people with more language abilities. But I wanted to be very careful with this and not use it as a deus-ex-machina answer to Mark’s problem. So I gave the other time travelers their own agendas, and they are at least as unhelpful as they are helpful, which made them wonderful to write. (I have a soft spot for tough, witty characters.) Another way I dealt with the language problem was by realizing it wasn’t really a problem. The places where Mark travels are not backwaters. These cities are cosmopolitan, cultural crossroads. It wouldn’t be unusual for people without a common language to encounter each other. So I spent a lot of time figuring out how to communicate without words.

A reader once commented that it wasn’t until after she finished the book that she realized that Mark had never once spoken directly to the Babylonians. So I guess it worked.

I’d love to hear your thoughts, comments, questions, or ideas.

Thanks, Misha, for this opportunity to talk about time travel writing!

About MeC. M. Keller is an award-winning novelist and the author of the SCREWING UP TIME series. She loves old movies and poison rings. In her spare time, she searches for that elusive unicorn horn. She’s currently hard at work on her next YA novel, the fourth book in Mark and Miranda’s story.
 

Thanks so much for stopping by, Connie! 

32 comments:

Nicki Elson said...

Smooth non-verbal communication---so much so that the reader didn't even realize he hadn't spoken directly to them---is an amazing feat. Congrats on both tackling AND mastering taht challenge.

Loni Townsend said...

Wow, those sound like fun stories--ones I'm going to have to check out.

Cherie Reich said...

Great tips! And that's a very good reminder on finding ways to communicate when a character wouldn't know the language. :)

Alex J. Cavanaugh said...

Never spoke directly to the natives - now that's a real trick. Well done.

Connie Keller said...

Thanks for all the encouragement, everyone!

Crystal Collier said...

You know, I think the hardest part of writing in another time is embodying the social attitudes/biases of the age. We definitely have the same problems as human beings, but our cultural views can be incredibly different.

Nick Wilford said...

This series sounds like a lot of fun! I've never read anything set in the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, much less a high speed chase. Thanks for introducing us to Connie!

Terry W. Ervin II said...

Glad to see that the language barrier was a concern, sometimes glossed over in other works. :)

Connie Keller said...

Crystal, you're right. I think seeing the cultural differences is a gift of historical/time travel fiction. And I hope that while it awakens us to other times and places and their cultures, it also wakens us to our own culture--the good and bad.

Connie Keller said...

I hope you enjoy the books!

Connie Keller said...

Thanks, Terry. It was hard work and sometimes I really, really wanted to just give them a "universal communicator." ;)

Connie Keller said...

Thanks, Nicki, it's really been a challenge. I still have so much to learn.

Connie Keller said...

Thanks, Loni! I hope you enjoy them.

Connie Keller said...

Thanks, Cherie!

Connie Keller said...

Thanks, Alex!

Liz Blocker said...

Great insights and advice! I'm doing a ton of research for my WIP right now, so I totally sympathize with that part of your process :) Congratulations!!

Patsy said...

I think you're right that small details such as the food really help to give us a feel of being somewhere or somewhen* else.

*maybe not an actual word, but I think you'll know what I mean

Kimberly said...

You must have done an amazing job for your reader not to even notice! That's awesome. The language barrier would be difficult - on my own travels, it seems like there is always people that know English or some English even though you're in a county where the native language is not English - at least that's what I've experienced. :)

Robin said...

I love time travel books. I will look for these!

M Pax said...

Cool. I have a passion for all things Sumer. I'll have to add this to my TBR.

I love historical/time travel fiction, but haven't been brave enough to try it yet. Some year...

Connie Keller said...

Thanks, Liz! Good luck with your WIP and research.

Connie Keller said...

I love "somewhen." It's exactly right.

If at all possible I love to try out the foods. It gives me a great excuse to cook with exotic flavors--the "sacrifices" of research. :)

Connie Keller said...

You're so right--everyone seems to know enough English that you can get around in a foreign country. Sometimes I feel so spoiled that I grew up speaking English. I can't imagine having to learn it as a second language.

Connie Keller said...

I hope you enjoy them, Robin. :)

Connie Keller said...

M Pax, I admit I've fallen for Sumer too. The city of Uruk must've been amazing. It's been called the "Venice of the Ancient World."

Annalisa Crawford said...

I would never have considered the language barrier, Connie. I imagine there are some writers who would just gloss over it. It's cool you turn it into a plot device :-)

L.G. Smith said...

What a fun series that must be to write. And cool way to figure out the language barrier. I write about the future, and though it's not time travel for the characters, it is for me. I have to try and consider all the changes that might take place centuries in the future. Fortunately, language isn't one of them. :)

Terry W. Ervin II said...

I guess that would've worked...sort of ;)

Neurotic Workaholic said...

I'm impressed at anyone who can write about time traveling, especially because I have a hard enough time depicting the current time period in my writing. I never thought about the language barrier before, but that makes sense. I'd try to listen to recordings, if there are any, to see how people talked back then.

Connie Keller said...

L. G., I've never done any spec fic. But in my latest book, I did give the main character a quick trip to the future. It was fun! I can see why you'd enjoy writing it. Though I can imagine that setting a whole novel in the future would be a lot of work--making sure that all the progress works together.

Connie Keller said...

Annalisa, It is a fun plot device. My main character actually makes up names for people, based on his take on their personalities--I love that part. :)

Connie Keller said...

Thanks for the encouragement.

But what you write about it hard too. Sometimes I think that it's easier to depict the past simply because there's an inherent coolness factor. Whereas, it takes a lot of creativity to make the everyday seem exotic.